Monthly Archives: August 2009

Waltz with Bashir

I normally try to keep this blog afloat with relative levity and whimsy. However I just watched Waltz with Bashir, an animated documentary about the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982. The film follows director Ari Folman as he realises after a conversation in a bar that he can’t remember anything about his role in the war. Later on that night he has a vision connected with the Sabra and Shatila massacre ( Was he somehow involved? Is he supressing his memories? He sets of to interview his former comrades in arms to find out.

Unlike any other documentary the film is entirely animated. By producing the film in this way Folman can create much needed objectivity but also deal with recreating the past from the soldiers accounts of the conflict. The film moves fluidly between interview, flashback and occasional hallucinatory visons caused by the trauma of warfare. In one memorable sequence at the start of the film, one of Ari’s friends relates that during the war he couldn’t bring himself to shoot people. His commanding officer knew this and ordered him to kill any guard dogs he might find instead whilst raiding villages. Every night, in his dreams he is haunted by images of the twenty six dogs he shot.

The animation is vivid and involves composites of CGI and hand drawn animation. It has a grubby DIY edge to it, almost as though the film was drawn on to thick grubby cardboard before being filmed. If you’ve always dismissed cartoons as for kids then this could be an ideal starting point for you.

As a documentary, it is difficult to work out how objective Folman is being. Not many people would stop and question whether they are capable of aiding or abetting a massacre and the amount of intellectual honesty needed to make a film like this is phenomenal. On the other hand the Lebanese perspective is strangely absent. It’s a film that will raise more questions than answers about morality and responsibility. This is not necessarily a bad thing. I think it should be compulsory for all new army recruits to watch this film.

Copyleft, copytheft and copyright

I wouldn’t normally weigh in on copyright law. I’m not a lawyer and I’ve never used BitTorrent. I think it’s becoming increasing apparent however that copyright law is misapplied or at least misguided.

Wired magazine carried a story this week about a student arrested for modifying games consoles (
With the owner’s permission he opened up consoles and inserted a chip that would bypass the encryption on disks used with the console. This would allow the use of pirated games as well as perfectly legitimate (so called homebrew) applications, for example Linux. The student in question now faces around ten years in prison, essentially for using a soldering iron.

It’s also worth bearing in mind that the chip he installed ultimately performs a mathematical operation. It would be difficult to formulate a concept of justice that would imply that certain types of mathematics are outlawed. Can you imagine being arrested for possesion of a mathematical textbook which detailed the workings of such a chip? A mathematical operation at the end of the day is the same whether it’s instantiated in silicon or not.

This is ultimately the problem of copyright in a digital age. I own a DVD player, I’d rather like to be able to play imported DVDs on it. Legally speaking, I can’t. It’s illegal for me to do so. The DMCA states “no person shall circumvent a technological measure that effectively controls access to a work protected under this title.” There is an important point here. My DVD player is my property. If I want to open it up, or tinker with it, or spray paint it blue then there shouldn’t be any law stopping me. I’m a big fan of David Lynch and unfortunately for me, Series Two of Twin Peaks was never released in the UK. I had to get the American import version and then *ahem* mod my DVD player. Go ahead and lock me up for ten years.

Copyright law should exist to protect creativity not proftits.Jammie Thomas Rasset was fined for nearly $2million after 24 counts of copyright violation. One of the songs she downloaded was by Richard Marx who issued the following statement:

“As a longtime professional songwriter, I have always objected to the practice of illegal downloading of music. I have also always, however, been sympathetic to the average music fan, who has been consistently financially abused by the greedy actions of major labels. These labels, until recently, were responsible for the distribution of the majority of recorded music, and instead of nurturing the industry and doing their best to provide the highest quality of music to the fans, they predominantly chose to ream the consumer and fill their pockets.”

I for one am not suggesting that piracy is okay. I believe that musicians, videogame developers and actors should make money from their art. The issue here is the middlemen. The people in the past who made money from the physical distribution of the work (CDs, DVDs etc) are still playing catch-up, they still haven’t grasped the market for wide digital distribution. They still sell products essentially crippled by digital rights management (DRM) so that if you buy a product it might not work on your DVD player or might inexplicably stop working if you upgrade your operating system or computer.